ESTOPPEL | INDIAN EVIDENCE ACT

DOCTRINE OF ESTOPPEL (SECTION 115 TO 117): https://www.kaumudi04himavari.com/evidence-types-of-evidence/ Doctrine of Estoppel is applicable only to Civil Cases. Estoppel may be defined as a rule by which a person shall not be allowed to say one thing at one time and later on, say a different thing. The object of estoppel is to stop a person Read More

Relevant Facts Of Section 13,14

VALID CUSTOMS SECTION 13 OF INDIAN EVIDENCE ACT:- Facts which are relevant where the right or a custom is in question. Whenever there is a question as to the existence of any right, this Section 13 makes admissible— The transaction; Particular instances of customs. As per Section 13 (a)—any transaction by which the right or Read More

RESGESTAE SECTION 6| INDIAN EVIDENCE ACT

RESGESTAE AND PRINCIPLES SECTION 6 Resgestae means the occasions, conditions, comments, and so on which identify with a specific case, particularly as constituting allowable proof in a courtroom. FACTS-IN-ISSUE OR RELEVANT FACTS| INDIAN EVIDENCE ACT RESGESTAE:- 1. Section 6 deals with facts forming part of the same transaction; 2. Facts forming part of the same transaction Read More

PRESUMPTIONS | INDIAN EVIDENCE ACT

MEANING OF PRESUMPTIONS:– Presumption is an inference drawn by the court as to the truth of a particular fact from other known or proved facts. There are two types of Presumptions— 1. Presumptions of Fact; AND 2. Presumptions of Law. ESSENTIAL ELEMENTS OF PRESUMPTION OF FACT AND LAW:- 1. Presumptions of Facts are also known Read More

ALIBI SECTION 11| INDIAN EVIDENCE ACT

Alibi is a Latin word, which means elsewhere. It is used when the accused takes the plea that when the occurrence took place he was elsewhere. In such a situation the prosecution has to discharge the burden satisfactorily. Once the prosecution is successful in discharging the burden it is incumbent on the accused who takes Read More

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